Among the favorite local varieties for cold climate winemaking, Frontenac Gris is a beautifully balanced grape for sparkling and white wines as well as playing a part in rosé and lighter red blends lending a depth of flavor and a fragrant nuance. Vitis riparia, frost grape, or the "native grape of the North American icebox." Vitis riparia; Vitis riparia. F R O N T E N A C G R I S Vitis riparia x Landal Noir x Villard. Estimates point to the existence of between five and ten thousand varieties of vitis vinifera. Those varieties which derive from Vitis labrusca parentage (such as those still used in the production of Austrian Uhudler) have a strong "candied" or "wild strawberry" aroma, while those that derive from Vitis riparia often have a herbaceous nose with flavours reminiscent of black currants. vitis odoratissima raf. Vitis vulpina. vitis palmata vahl: vitis poiretiana rafinesque: vitis populifolia raf. Riparia. AB - Vitis riparia is an extremely cold hardy species of grape. vitis intermedia nuttal: vitis missouriensis prince: vitis montana raf. Vitis riparia is an extremely cold hardy species of grape. there are no red grape varieties for the Prairies. Baco Noir: is a hybrid red grape variety that was produced by crossing two other grapes: a Vitis vinifera (Folle Blanche, a French wine grape) and an unknown variety of Vitis Riparia (an American wine grape). Sign Up for Free Email Newsletters Sign up for Wine Spectator’s Free Email Newsletters and stay up-to -date with all things wine. Vitis riparia, the riverbank grapevine, sometimes used for winemaking and for jam. The new V. riparia derivatives demonstrated much greater survival than the existing varieties, with the best selections, e.g. The Concord grape is a common cultivar. Vitis riparia Michaux Common Names: River-bank grape, frost grape There are currently two grape species known as Frost Grape. Large leaves are broad-ovate (8-18 cm), usually three-lobed. It is in flower from May to July, and the seeds ripen from August to September. Today, many grape varieties are hybrids of these and other grape species. Hybrid grapes are grape varieties that are the product of a crossing of two or more Vitis species. Known as the riverbank or frost grape, Vitis riparia, originates in central and eastern Canada and the United States, extending as far west as Montana. The term grape variety actually refers to cultivars rather than botanical varieties according to the International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants, because they are propagated by… It is hardy to zone (UK) 2 and is not frost tender. In the wild it grows on river banks, as the common name indicates, but also in forest openings and along roadsides, either clinging onto other plants or growing along the ground. Vigorous vine, growing to 10 m or more high in trees. Species similar to or like Vitis riparia. In the U.S., these grapes are cultivated by combining the rootstock from Vitis vinifera, a European wine grape species, and North American vines, commonly Vitis labrusca and Vitis riparia. ... wasps, birds and their excrement, mildew, etc..-- are not an issue here! The resultant hybrid was then crossed with Goldriesling , a variety of the wine grape, Vitis vinifera , developed about twenty earlier by Christian Oberlin. Vitis vulpina. The varieties presented here have extremely healthy leaves. The Indiana Plants Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. ... Its difficult to grow most grape varieties in these brutal winter conditions . praecox engelman: vitis rubra desf. Attracts useful insects. Riparia is shallow-rooted, highly resistant to phylloxera and tolerant of water logged soil. Grape Varieties and rootstocks ... Vitis Euvitis "True grapes" Muscadinia Vitis vinifera Middle asia origin (e.g., 'Chardonnay') Vitis aestivalis, Vitis labruscana and other North American spp. Thanks to the aroma of flowers, the Germans call it "grape-rezeda". vitis riparia var. Drought resistant. Riverbank Grape is a pretty distinct species in Minnesota, only the related Summer Grape (Vitis aestivalis) is really similar: the underside of its leaves has a whitish, waxy bloom and reddish-brown, cobwebby hairs, and it has a limited range of a few southeast counties, where Riverbank Grape is found across the state. First he crossed the American River Bank Grape, Vitis riparia with another American species, the Bush Grape, Vitis rupestris . Make hardwood cuttings during Spring. Can American Vitis species produce wines that compare with those made from vinifera on a global stage? Common problems. Special Features Attracts birds. Commercial grape varieties are grafted on rootstock. Grapevines (Vitis spp.) ... Black Vine Weevil. These grapes cross vinifera species with other native American grapevines like vitis labrusca and vitis riparia. By any name riverbank grape is a survivor that has proliferated across the the upper half of the continent by being the most cold hardy grape species in the world, resistant to many diseases, and adapting to … (e.g., 'Concord') ... riparia Gloire Decreasing vigor . Due to the low level of hardiness observed in the Valiant-cross, first generation seedlings, I decided to return back to crosses with pure Vitis riparia to maintain greater hardiness in progeny. Vitis riparia is a deciduous Climber growing to 15 m (49ft 3in) at a fast rate. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … Climate/Maturity groupings of Greg Jones (Southern Oregon include the primary cultivated wine grape (Vitis vinifera) and the common wild grapes: fox grape (Vitis labrusca), summer grape (Vitis aestivalis) and riverbank grape (Vitis riparia). Vitis riparia: Cultivation’s Salvation. Vitis aestivalis, the summer grape, native to the Eastern United States, especially the Southeastern United States. If so, will the wine traditionalists ever accept them? Propagation Cuttings. Vitis riparia. The scientific definition of a hybrid grape is any crossing (intra- or inter-specific) of two grape varieties. For more information, click here. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Vine indigenous to North America. Grapes coastal (Vitis riparia) - a powerful high-climbing vine. Hedge plant. These are the reasons why many vintners choose the variety as a rootstock for grafting on Vitis … Etymology: Vitis … The first step was to select local V. riparias with much better fruit While continued research and experimentation with these varieties will hopefully answer these questions, perhaps an … Attractive fruits. Hybrid varieties exhibit a mix of traits from their European, Asiatic, and North American parentage. vitis odoratissima donn. Vitis riparia. Vitis riparia Riverbank grape is the most widespread of the native North American vines, and its range extends quite far north. The Vitis International Variety Catalogue (VIVC) is a database of various species and varieties/cultivars of grapevine, the genus Vitis Vitis riparia is the most common wild grape in Wisconsin. Crosses at the University of Minnesota between V. riparia and French hybrids or V. vinifera wine cultivars have resulted in very cold hardy and disease resistant seedlings, some of which also have good wine potential. The growth form is that of a woody vine. Autumn colour. Hybrid grape varieties (see Hybrid grapes) or "hybrids" is, in fact, the popular term for a subset of what are properly known as hybrids, specifically crossings between one species of the genus vitis and another. They are easy to care for and are particularly suited for decorative purposes; they create a 'grapevine-ambience' without the high maintenance. MN 1131 (V. riparia x 'Seyval') having up to 88% live nodes. It is most often used in grafting when vigor control is desired in order to produce high quality fruit on vigorous scion varieties. Vitis vinifera is the source of noble wines so popular today, including Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot Noir, Sauvignon Blanc, Riesling and Chardonnay. Vitis Riparia, Rupestris and Berlandieri: These are all North American species, which are not commonly used in winemaking. Leaves are alternate, simple and lobed (there can be dramatic differences in the lobing pattern from one leaf to the next). Native to the entire Eastern U.S. and north to Quebec. Through Millardet et Grasset 101-14, the pedigree of Marechal Joffre includes varieties from other species in the " Vitis " genus including " Vitis riparia" and " Vitis rupestris ". A hardy grape native to North America, Vitis Riparia is one of the phylloxera-resistant rootstocks used with Vitis Vinifera grape varieties. Riverbank grape is a vine climbing to 75 feet by means of tendrils. List of grape varieties This list of grape varieties includes cultivated grapes, whether used for wine, or eating as a table grape, fresh or dried (raisin, currant, sultana). The antennae are intermittent. This grape stands out for its bright green color of shiny leaves and very fragrant flowers. Species of grape native to eastern North America from southern Ontario east to Maine, west to Oklahoma, and south to Florida and Texas. Riparia gloire, commonly referred to simply as Riparia, is a selection of Vitis riparia, a wild grape species native to the northeastern and midwestern United States. Share. Cabernet Sauvignon variety of vitis vinifera at the Mas La Plana vineyard. The lobes are generally sharp-pointed and there are also large sharp teeth along the margin. I have chosen an article that was published in the vueweekly (which is an independent publication owned by Postvue Publication Inc, an Alberta corporation). Page 1 of 4 - About 36 essays. It is also phylloxera resistant. palmata planchon: vitis riparia var. To avoid confusion, V. riparia will be referred to as River-bank Grape, and Frost Grape will be treated as V. vulpina. 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