Anonymous, "Benedict Semmes, Vice Admiral, Dies at 81,", Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, Van Stockum, Ron, "The death throes of an aircraft carrier,", Ceasar, Ed, "The Epic Hunt for a Lost World War II Aircraft Carrier,", Anonymous, "Admiral Semmes Jr. to Head Destroyer,", Anonymous, "Rear Admiral Semmes Takes Command: To Head CruDesLant,", Anonymous, "4 Destroyers returning to Newport from Korea,", Military Times Hall of Valor: Benedict Joseph Semmes, Jr. Navy Distinguished Service Medal, Anonymous, "New Chief of Naval Personnel,", Military Times Hall of Valor: Benedict Joseph Semmes, Jr. Legion of Merit, Past Presidents page at the Naval War College official Web site, Katherine Ainsworth Semmes (1918–2007) Find-A-Grave Memorial, Anonymous, "Raphaelle Semmes, 46; Headed Panel For Bush,", Anonymous, "Obituaries," washingtonpost.com, April 7, 1993 Retrieved January 4, 2020, Obituary: "Benedict Semmes, Vice Admiral, Dies at 81,", Portrait of Benedict J. Semmes, Jr., at Naval War College official Web site. After serving in the navy, he studied law and was admitted to the bar. [6][29][32] In August 1963, he became Commander, Cruiser-Destroyer Force, Atlantic Fleet.[6][29]. [citation needed] During the Mexican-American War, he comma… [42], Semmes was married to the former Katherine "Kit" Ainsworth (23 May 1918 – 24 May 2007),[43] the daughter of Vice Admiral Walden L. "Pug" Ainsworth (10 November 1886 – 7 August 1960). The Raphael Semmes House, also known as the Horta–Semmes House, is a historic residence in Mobile, Alabama.It is best known for having been the home of Admiral Raphael Semmes, captain of the Confederate sloop-of-war CSS Alabama.The house was added to the National Register of Historic Places on February 26, 1970. Enjoy historic grandeur at The Admiral Hotel in Mobile, Alabama. This baby gave a crazy strong signal despite being a good 12 inches down. The Admiral Semmes Hotel, a landmark of Mobile’s LoDa landscape since 1940 and one of the triumvirate of locally renowned historic edifices downtown, per USA Today (Battle House, Malaga Inn being the others), has been purchased by Alabama Hotels LLC. After the war, Semmes returned to Mobile, Alabama and resumed his legal career. [11] In April and May 1942 she made two voyages in the Mediterranean to Malta to deliver Royal Air Force Spitfire fighters to Malta. http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.gdc/scd0001.00014630132, Service Afloat – The Ships of Raphael Semmes, Shipwrecks of Mobile Bay and Alabama 1861-1865, This Day in the History of the War Between the States, Mobilians during the War Between the States. 86.1893.1 (PN10149-10150)." Once known as the “nursery capital of the world”, Semmes is best known for it’s large nurseries that produce ornamental shrubs, the … He ran her through the Federal blockade in June 1861 and began a career of commerce raiding that is without equal in American naval history. All images; Print Cancel + o-^ Scrollwheel Zoom. [6][25] He then reported for duty as commanding officer of the destroyer tender USS Shenandoah (AD-26). [13] He took charge of the group and with other officers ordered the men to make life rafts ready to launch, get mattresses from the ship′s living spaces, and rig lines over the bow, all in preparation to abandon ship. Admiral Raphael Semmes statue in downtown Mobile is shown here June 2, 2020, the morning after it was vandalized overnight. Rear Admiral Raphael Semmes, CSN [11] Semmes received a promotion to lieutenant on 1 July 1941[12] while aboard Wasp, and that month Wasp supported the U.S. occupation of Iceland before resuming Neutrality Patrol operations. By his insight and perceptiveness as a result of long experience in manpower and personnel matters, he has provided an authoritative voice in manpower decision in the executive levels of the Navy, Department of Defense and before the Congress. Anyone who has used the tunnel has seen the Admiral surveying the traffic, Briefly imprisoned after the conflict, he worked as a teacher and newspaper editor until returning to Mobile, where he pursued a legal career. U.S. Brig Somers (1842-1846) It overlooks the entrance to the Bankhead Tunnel. [11] Operating in the Atlantic and the Caribbean during 1940 and into through the first half of 1941, Wasp conducted sea trials, shakedown, training, and maneuvers, carried out the first experiment with flying United States Army Air Corps aircraft off an aircraft carrier for delivery to a airbase on shore, and took part in the Neutrality Patrol. Eventually returned by blockade-runner to the Confederacy and promoted to admiral, Semmes commanded the vessels of the James River Squadron, supporting the Army of Northern Virginia until the abandonment of Richmond forced their … [17] He took command of the destroyer USS Picking (DD-685) on 12 August 1944 and remained her commanding officer until August 1945. The Alabama Department of Archives and History has among its collection an important Confederate naval battle ensign listed as "Admiral Semmes' Flag, Catalogue No. [6][31] After a tour ashore as Assistant Chief of Naval Personnel for Plans,[29] Semmes served as Commander, Middle East Force, in the Persian Gulf from 30 May 1962 to 9 July 1963. Vice Admiral Semmes provided the blueprint for many of the Navy's most critical programs of the future including LAMPS, Anti-Ship Missile Defense, and the new PF Class ship [later the Oliver Hazard Perry-class frigate]. [16] While Semmes was aboard,Sigsbee supported U.S. aircraft carrier raids against Marcus Island in August 1943, took part in a bombardment of Wake Island on 5 October 1943, and bombarded Betio, at Tarawa Atoll, on 22–23 November 1943 during the Battle of Tarawa. During this crucial period of an accelerating tempo of operations incident to the conflict in Southeast Asia, Vice Admiral Semmes has demonstrated dynamic leadership, outstanding executive ability and exceptional foresight in anticipating and solving the diverse personnel problems associated with rapidly expanding manpower requirements. U.S. [49] He is buried with his wife at Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington, Virginia. Halftone of a photograph taken in 1861, just before he entered the Confederate States Navy. Semmes was born in Charles County, Maryland, a cousin of future Confederate general Paul Jones Semmes and Union Navy Captain Alexander Alderman Semmes. Portrait by Maliby Sykes. He  was elected to a judgeship, though he was disqualified under, Raising History: The Story of the Wreck of the CSS Alabama, "Roll Alabama" The Seaman's Shanty and Other Songs, US Navy Ships named in honor of Adm. Semmes, Books About the WBTS Written by Camp#11 Compatriots, Books of Note Written by Camp#11 Compatriots, Books About the WBTS Written by Mobilians, Military Conflicts around Mobile during the War between the States, Alabama Department of Archives and History, Sons of Confederate Veterans National Links, Confederate Veterans Magazine Back Issues, Applying for a Headstone for your CSA Veteran Ancestor. He monitored the modernization of surface ships while striving to keep operational commitments within force capabilities. [4] He graduated on 31 May 1934 and was commissioned as an ensign the same day. His personal decisions and guidance influenced the configuration and capabilities of all ship types and methods of warfare, not only for the present by for decades to come. During the Mexican War, he commanded the … In retirement, he was director of the Freedoms Foundation at Valley Forge and president of the Wonalancet Preservation Society. Late in the war, he was promoted to rear admiral and … Continue reading "Admiral Raphael Semmes … [14] Meanwhile, Wasp sank with the loss of 193 lives. [15] Upon her commissioning on 23 January 1943,[15] he became her executive officer. [22] When, on 18 May 1945, the destroyer USS Longshaw (DD-559) ran aground on a reef 1 nautical mile (1.9 km; 1.2 mi) off the coast of Okinawa and came under fire from Japanese artillery on the island, Picking attempted to pull Longshaw off the reef under Japanese fire and, failing in that, stood by Longshaw, returning fire against the Japanese guns and defending Longshaw until Longshaw's crew was forced to abandon ship. While on extended leave after the war, he practiced law in Mobile, Alabama. Semmes was born in Memphis, Tennessee, on 8 April 1913. Naval Historical Center Photograph. Benedict Joseph Semmes Jr. (8 April 1913[1] – 4 June 1994[2]) was a vice admiral of the United States Navy. Born in Charles County, MD on September 27, 1809, Raphael Semmes was the fourth child of Richard and Catherine Middleton Semmes. [5][6], After graduating, Semmes′s first assignment was duty aboard the battleship USS Mississippi (BB-41) on 30 June 1934,[5][6] and he was aboard her in October 1934 when she transferred from the Scouting Force in the Atlantic Ocean to the Battle Force in the Pacific Ocean. [6] During his tour, he received a promotion to the temporary rank of lieutenant commander on 1 March 1943. Semmes is depicted wearing the belt buckle of a Confederate States Navy Admiral. [38] He then served as Deputy Chief of Naval Operations from October 1970 to July 1971, receiving a gold star in lieu of a second award of the Legion of Merit for the tour,[39] the citation reading in part: ...Vice Admiral Semmes maintained the surface fleet in a high state of readiness, combining all available units to obtain the most flexible and effective surface forces possible. During the war he, and his Liverpool-built ship the CSS Alabama, took more prizes at sea than any other vessel on either side … [29], After detaching from Shenandoah, Semmes took command of Destroyer Flotilla Three at Long Beach, California, on 30 September 1958. Appointed a midshipman in the U.S. Navy in 1826, Semmes studied law while … Award citations for Benedict Joseph Semmes, Jr. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Benedict_J._Semmes_Jr.&oldid=995613516, United States Navy personnel of World War II, United States Navy personnel of the Korean War, Recipients of the Navy Cross (United States), Recipients of the Navy Distinguished Service Medal, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Admiral Semmes' battle ensign . During the Mexican War, he commanded the brig USS Somers in the Gulf of Mexico. Formal portrait of Semmes Although a Marylander, Semmes would become more famous in his adopted home of Mobile, Alabama (the city which removed his statue earlier this summer). [46][47], Semmes was a resident of Wonalancet, New Hampshire, but also lived frequently in the Washington, D.C., area from 1952 until his death.[48]. 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