4 0 obj Barnyard millet grows rapidly and produces voluminous fodder. Academia.edu uses cookies to personalize content, tailor ads and improve the user experience. Phytolith analysis for the identification of barnyard millet (Echinochloa sp.) Sci. Therefore, selection of variety which could give high grain as well as high fodder is the best alternative. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) pictures of small millet starch granules showed more large polygonal and few small spherical or polygonal granules. The optimum level of addition of finger millet, foxtail millet and little millet was 10%. Some of the species are known by the common names barnyard grass or cockspur grass.. A control was prepared with refined wheat flour and remaining Moreover, thermal processing of kodo millet by roasting or boiling reduced the activity. barnyard millet germplasm for salinity tolerance under laboratory and field condition. To enhance the use of this germplasm and genomic research in barnyard millet improvement, we report the genetic characterization of this core collection using whole‐genome genotyping‐by‐sequencing. DOI: 10.1007/s12520-016-0341-0 Corpus ID: 87824319. A control was prepared with refined wheat flour and remaining Theoretical considerations: According to Mohsenin (1970), the degree of sphericity, can be expressed as follows: L LWT φ 1/3 (1 ) where L is the grain length, W the grain width and T is the grain thickness. Home Sci.,8 (2 ): 373-378. fodder. Barnyard millet (Echinochloa frumentacea) is an unexplored nutri-rich crop that thrives well in harsh environments and supports many small farmers in Southern and Eastern Asia. Their research findings indicated that among the three treatments, pulse cookies (90% barnyard millet flour + 10% soybean and green gram flour) had the highest (85%) overall acceptability followed by vegetable cookies (90% barnyard millet flour + 10% dehydrated carrots) with 80% overall acceptability with the least acceptability of 73.33% plain barnyard millet varieties. Bernhard MÜLLER, Senior professor of Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden (TUD) | Read 63 publications | Contact Bernhard MÜLLER Barnyard Millet is a multipurpose crop cultivated for both Food and Fodder. %���� It has provisions to adjust the clearance between the dehusking surfaces to Millets - Sorghum, Pearl millet, Finger millet, Small millets (Barnyard, Common, Foxtail, Kodo, Little). Although the term millet is used to refer to a variety of grasses, millet used for consumption belongs to the grain family Poaceae and includes Pearl, Finger, Foxtail, Japanese, Proso, Kodo, Little, and Barnyard millet (Cowan and Watson 1997). Panicum miliaceum),little millet (Panicum sumatrense),barnyard millet (Echinochloa frumentaceae). It can be cultivated in all types of soils and sustains adverse climatic conditions. The size of the granules was larger in barnyard millet and smaller in proso millet. Millets are a diverse group of small‐seeded grains that have been largely overlooked by modern genetics research. minor millets viz., foxtail millet, little millet, kodo millet, proso millet and barnyard millet (Fig.2). NUTRITIONAL COMPOSITION Millets are rich in valuable nutrients such as carbohydrates, proteins, dietary fiber, minerals, and vitamins. Barnyard millet grows rapidly and produces voluminous fodder. 3 0 obj Introduction. 96 X INDIAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED RESEARCH RESEARCH PAPER V 6 I FERUAR 6 ISSN 9 Awareness and Consumption of Millets by Women – A Study on Coimbatore city Dr. A. Kalaiselvi Mrs. L.A.Razia Fathima Assistant Professor of Economics, PG and Research Department of Commerce with CA, Hindusthan College of Arts and Science, Coimbatore, India. %PDF-1.4 ], and finger millet [Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.] endobj 1Independent Researcher, Radaur, Haryana, India, 2Department of Food Engineering and Technology, Institute ... (Panicum miliaceum), barnyard millet (Echinochloa spp. Download Full text not available from this repository. and its implications @article{Ge2016PhytolithAF, title={Phytolith analysis for the identification of barnyard millet (Echinochloa sp.) Echinochloa is a very widespread genus of plants in the grass family and tribe Paniceae. unprocessed millets grains were presented in Table 1. They are cultivated in less productive soils with minimum management practices. and its implications @article{Ge2016PhytolithAF, title={Phytolith analysis for the identification of barnyard millet (Echinochloa sp.) 1. It has provisions to adjust the clearance between the dehusking surfaces to To transform subsistence farming of millets into a globally competitive climate resilient nutri-cereal enterprise through value-addition to meet food, feed, fodder, nutrition and bio-fuel requirements of the country for equitable prosperity through millets. Barnyard millet straw is preferred over rice straw. An attempt was made in this research paper for examine the actual cultivating areas and the importance of millet crops are analyzed from the data of ministry of agriculture, government of India and some other reliable sources. Lett. Recently, a core collection of 89 barnyard millet accessions was developed at the genebank at the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi‐Arid Tropics (ICRISAT). is found on physical properties of finger millet. KEY WORDS :Quality evaluation,Idli,Barnyard millet HOW TO CITETHIS PAPER : Vanithasri, J. and Kanchana, S. (2013). The crops are grown in a variety of agro-ecological situations like plains, coast and hills as well as in diverse soils and varying rainfall. Academia.edu no longer supports Internet Explorer. 1 0 obj barnyard millet ( Echinochloa utilis ) and great millet (Sorghum bicolor ) (15-53%). minor millets viz., foxtail millet, little millet, kodo millet, proso millet and barnyard millet (Fig.2). Cenchrus americanus (L.) Morrone], foxtail millet [Setaria italica (L.) P. Introduction. Total eight formulations were prepared. As P availability depends on soil pH (optimum pH of 6.5), it is important to maintain soil pH at a favourable level for nutrient uptake rather than adding extra fertilizer. Protein … endobj They are less susceptible to biotic and abiotic stresses. M. alone could bring an Atherigona destructor yield loss of … … Phytolith analysis for the identification of barnyard millet (Echinochloa sp.) Edited by Peter Shewry. Moreover, thermal processing of kodo millet by roasting or boiling reduced the activity. Cold extruded dough sheet pieces prepared from barnyard millet flour, potato mash and tapioca powder in the proportion 60:37:3 were steam cooked and then puffed using high temperature short time (HTST) process in hot air puffing machine. A millet crop includes grasses like finger millet, (Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn), pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucm (L.) R.Br), foxtail millet (Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauvois), kodo millet (Paspalum scorbiculatum L.), bahiagrass (Paspalum notatum Flugge), little millet (Panicum sumatrense Roth ex Roem.& Schult. A research paper entitled 'First Draft Genome Sequence of a Pearl Millet Blast Pathogen, Magnaporthe grisea Strain PMg_Dl, Obtained Using PacBio Single-Molecule Real-Time and Illumina NextSeq 500 Sequencing' published in journal 'Microbiol. Its fodder is highly palatable and can be used for making hay or silage. Pearl millet blast is caused by Magnaporthe grisea. Last update 28 December 2018. barnyard millet ( Echinochloa utilis ) and great millet (Sorghum bicolor ) (15-53%). Cenchrus americanus (L.) Morrone], foxtail millet [Setaria italica (L.) P. Their research findings indicated that among the three treatments, pulse cookies (90% barnyard millet flour + 10% soybean and green gram flour) had the highest (85%) overall acceptability followed by vegetable cookies (90% barnyard millet flour + 10% dehydrated carrots) with 80% overall acceptability with the least acceptability of 73.33% plain barnyard millet varieties. Agricultural Engineering College and Research Institute Tamil Nadu Agricultural University Coimbatore - 641 003 Tamil Nadu. 1Independent Researcher, Radaur, Haryana, India, 2Department of Food Engineering and Technology, Institute ... (Panicum miliaceum), barnyard millet (Echinochloa spp. The issue will comprise invited papers based on presentations at the International Sorghum Conference (April 2018). Scanning electron microscope (SEM) pictures of small millet starch granules showed more large polygonal and few small spherical or polygonal granules. Grain volumes change significantly and most often, regularly at varying moisture contents. Methanol extracts of the kodo millet flour showed 70% DPPH quenching in comparison to other millet extracts that showed 15% to 53%. As P availability depends on soil pH (optimum pH of 6.5), it is important to maintain soil pH at a favourable level for nutrient uptake rather than adding extra fertilizer. unprocessed millets grains were presented in Table 1. The optimum level of addition of finger millet, foxtail millet and little millet was 10%. Its fodder is highly palatable and can be used for making hay or silage. A millet crop includes grasses like finger millet, (Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn), pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucm (L.) R.Br), foxtail millet (Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauvois), kodo millet (Paspalum scorbiculatum L.), bahiagrass (Paspalum notatum Flugge), little millet (Panicum sumatrense Roth ex Roem.& Schult. Barnyard millet and proso millet can be added 20 and 15% respectively. The genus Echinochloa comprises of two major species, Echinochloa esculenta and Echinochloa frumentacea, which are predominantly cultivated for human consumption and livestock feed. Studies on the quality evaluation of idli prepared from barnyard millet (Echinochloa frumentacaea).Asian J. The crops are grown in a variety of agro-ecological situations like plains, coast and hills as well as in diverse soils and varying rainfall. <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 595.44 841.68] /Contents 4 0 R/StructParents 0>> Accepted : April, 2010 Research Paper : Fodder Quality. Echinochloa is a very widespread genus of plants in the grass family and tribe Paniceae. Barnyard millet straw is preferred over rice straw. Accepted : April, 2010 Research Paper : Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. This millet is rich in protein (> 10%); crude fibre (6.7–13.6%) and … Little research has been conducted to evaluate the importance of P in finger millet and how to improve P availability in finger millet cropping systems. The issue will comprise invited papers based on presentations at the International Sorghum Conference (April 2018). Would you like to get the full Thesis from Shodh ganga along with citation details? Abstract Resistant starch (RS) is that fraction of starch which does not undergo digestion in the human digestive tract. You can download the paper by clicking the button above. Actions for selected articles. Little research has been conducted to evaluate the importance of P in finger millet and how to improve P availability in finger millet cropping systems. The size of the starch granules ranged from 0.8–10 μm. Indian Institute of Millets Research(IIMR) Vision. Protein … Small millets, a group of six crops comprising of finger millet, kodo millet, little millet, foxtail millet, barnyard millet and proso millet are considered as nutri cereals and are a source of food, feed and fodder. Studies on the quality evaluation of idli prepared from barnyard millet (Echinochloa frumentacaea).Asian J. 1. These will illustrate the spectrum on current research on grain quality and utilization in sorghum, including review articles and research papers. ), kodo millet (Paspalum scrobiculatum), and little millet (Panicum sumatrense). Research Paper | Nutrition Science | India | Volume 5 Issue 6, June 2016. (January–February 2015) 38(1):21–24 DOI 10.1007/s40009-014-0295-7 RESEARCH AR TIC L E B 29: An Easy Dehulling Barnyard Millet (Echinochloa frumentacea Link) Genotype • • • Arun Gupta Salej Sood P. K. Agrawal J. The thousand grain volume of barnyard millet was 4.01 ml and 2.96 ml for foxtail millet. Home Sci.,8 (2 ): 373-378. fodder. Total eight formulations were prepared. NUTRITIONAL COMPOSITION Millets are rich in valuable nutrients such as carbohydrates, proteins, dietary fiber, minerals, and vitamins. ], and finger millet [Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.] Beauv. Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Research › peer-review Searching for electromagnetic counterparts to gravitational-wave merger events with the prototype gravitational-wave optical transient observer (GOTO-4) The thousand grain volume of barnyard millet was 4.01 ml and 2.96 ml for foxtail millet. B 29: An Easy Dehulling Barnyard Millet (Echinochloa frumentacea Link) Genotype Gupta, Arun; Sood, Salej; Agrawal, P.; Bhatt, J. Advances in Sorghum and Millet Research. The thousand grain weight of barnyard millet and foxtail millet were 3.69 g and 2.64 g respectively. is found on physical properties of finger millet. Millets include sorghum, pearl millet, finger millet, foxtail millet, proso millet, barnyard millet, little millet and kodo millet while the other group which are not cereals but consumed as cereals and generally referred as pseudo-cereals comprises of grain amaranths, buckwheat and chenopods. Wafers incorporated with pearl millet flour and barnyard millet flour were developed and assessed for their nutritional & sensory parameters. Citation. Millets include sorghum, pearl millet, finger millet, foxtail millet, proso millet, barnyard millet, little millet and kodo millet while the other group which are not cereals but consumed as cereals and generally referred as pseudo-cereals comprises of grain amaranths, buckwheat and chenopods. Barnyard millet (Echinochloa species) has become one of the most important minor millet crops in Asia, showing a firm upsurge in world production. Name and title of the scheme : Study on nutrient composition of millets and ways to minimize loss during processing and value addition. Among the micro, macro nutrients and growth regulators treatments, barnyard millet seeds fortified for 16 h with 100 ppm IAA recorded higher germination, speed of germination, seedling length, dry matter production and vigour index (96 %, 17.25, 20.60cm, 0.029 g and 2016 respectively) followed by seeds fortified with 1% KH 2 The size of the granules was larger in barnyard millet and smaller in proso millet. By using our site, you agree to our collection of information through the use of cookies. Small millets, a group of six crops comprising of finger millet, kodo millet, little millet, foxtail millet, barnyard millet and proso millet are considered as nutri cereals and are a source of food, feed and fodder. Theoretical considerations: According to Mohsenin (1970), the degree of sphericity, can be expressed as follows: L LWT φ 1/3 (1 ) where L is the grain length, W the grain width and T is the grain thickness. It was found that substitution of wheat flour with millet flours was possible from 10 to 20% level. Although pearl millet [Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br. 2 0 obj The Barnyard millet (Echinochloa frumantacea) is a wild seed and not a grain, mainly grown in the hilly areas of Uttaranchal, India. <> 1. Last update 28 December 2018. Methanol extracts of the kodo millet flour showed 70% DPPH quenching in comparison to other millet extracts that showed 15% to 53%. Among the micro, macro nutrients and growth regulators treatments, barnyard millet seeds fortified for 16 h with 100 ppm IAA recorded higher germination, speed of germination, seedling length, dry matter production and vigour index (96 %, 17.25, 20.60cm, 0.029 g and 2016 respectively) followed by seeds fortified with 1% KH 2 … x��=]o7����%�&�d�?v�8��� ��E���>�4�Hki�H3v܏���WUl�U�fO�٧Cy���b}W�������r}�_��O�_��������o����������?��׻���n��W���y�����'ϿU���Z��|�D-J�O-]��Z4MUt����'�b�^=}����es��Ҟ���X�ړ�.�����n}�\�'�H�'wK�O.�����b��O���9�?��=�9ЎZ���k|�~�H���)t���~p?�=�v��?o���ɟaŸj�NcL�k�ΟOVٶu�&mq�/`��A|�v�t~��A����J�ZzNmL������7m�[\[U��wz�7��ҵQ]fe �n�|�TE��զ-�!���s]�h��iUT��-Kk]�y�im�&]T����5E-6W[�޿,����ë����*L+�bL�zG. Therefore, selection of variety which could give high grain as well as high fodder is the best alternative. Kodo millet, finger millet, little millet, foxtail millet, barnyard millet, and sorghum bicolor grown in India and their white varieties were screened for free radical quenching of 1,1, diphenyl‐2‐picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) by electron spin resonance. It was found that substitution of wheat flour with millet flours was possible from 10 to 20% level. Although it has rich sources of micronutrients, the genetic studies are very limited which … Grain volumes change significantly and most often, regularly at varying moisture contents. 2. 1. Barnyard millet (Echinochloa frumentacea L.) is a carbohydrate rich coarse grain which can be used to develop a readyto-eat (RTE) puffed product. )»: (2012). To browse Academia.edu and the wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser. syn. Actions for selected articles. Acad. Ehrenzeller, Bernhard & Müller, Reto Patrick: Gutachten zuhanden von economiesuisse betreffend die Eidgenössische Volksinitiative «für die Stärkung der Volksrechte in der Aussenpolitik (Staatsverträge vors Volk! Some of the species within this genus are millets that are grown as cereal or fodder crops. The size of the starch granules ranged from 0.8–10 μm. It was also observed that fractionation of kodo millet in to husk and endosperm also decreased the activity and the phytochemicals appear to act synergistically in the whole grain. Advances in Sorghum and Millet Research. Assistant Professor, PG and Research … Millets are a diverse group of small‐seeded grains that have been largely overlooked by modern genetics research. <> Barnyard Millet as a Substitute of Rice in Preparation of khichdi for Diabetics Although it has rich sources of micronutrients, the genetic studies are very limited which … Economic Loss : A number of shootfly species attack small millets (Jotwani ., 1969; Singh and et al Dias, 1972 ; Nageshchandra and Musthak Ali, 1983a). Objectives of the study The following ideas are the specific objectives of this paper. To learn more, view our, International Journal of Scientific Research in Science and Technology IJSRST, Millet Grains: Nutritional Quality, Processing, and Potential Health Benefits, Finger Millet (Ragi, Eleusine coracana L.), Gluten-Free Cereal Products and Beverages.pdf, Incorporation with wheat and ragi based biscuits. and its implications}, author={Yong Ge and Houyuan Lu and J. Zhang and C. Wang and K. Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. There are two varieties of barnyard millet – Japanese variety cultivated in Japan and Korea while the Indian variety is cultivated only in India [1]. Although pearl millet [Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br. Barnyard millet (Echinochloa frumentacea) is an unexplored nutri-rich crop that thrives well in harsh environments and supports many small farmers in Southern and Eastern Asia. Edited by Peter Shewry. KEY WORDS :Quality evaluation,Idli,Barnyard millet HOW TO CITETHIS PAPER : Vanithasri, J. and Kanchana, S. (2013). The granules of small millets resembled those of rice starch granules. Some of the species within this genus are millets that are grown as cereal or fodder crops. syn. The thousand grain weight of barnyard millet and foxtail millet were 3.69 g and 2.64 g respectively. These will illustrate the spectrum on current research on grain quality and utilization in sorghum, including review articles and research papers. Barnyard millet and proso millet can be added 20 and 15% respectively. Although the term millet is used to refer to a variety of grasses, millet used for consumption belongs to the grain family Poaceae and includes Pearl, Finger, Foxtail, Japanese, Proso, Kodo, Little, and Barnyard millet (Cowan and Watson 1997). stream 2014-12-11 00:00:00 Natl. Wafers incorporated with pearl millet flour and barnyard millet flour were developed and assessed for their nutritional & sensory parameters. DOI: 10.1007/s12520-016-0341-0 Corpus ID: 87824319. All millets, Maize & Barley are known as Coarse cereals ), kodo millet (Paspalum scrobiculatum), and little millet (Panicum sumatrense). Beauv. Fodder Quality. A total of 31 barnyard millet accessions were screened along with two checks [MDU 1 and CO (KV)2] by top op paper method in four doses of Sodium chloride for tolerance to salinity stress at germination stage. It was also observed that fractionation of kodo millet in to husk and endosperm also decreased the activity and the phytochemicals appear to act synergistically in the whole grain. India are: finger millet (ragi), proso millet, barnyard millet, italian millet, kodo millet, little millet, job's tears and, teff. Kodo millet, finger millet, little millet, foxtail millet, barnyard millet, and sorghum bicolor grown in India and their white varieties were screened for free radical quenching of 1,1, diphenyl‐2‐picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) by electron spin resonance. <>/OutputIntents[<>] /Metadata 126 0 R>> and its implications}, author={Yong Ge and Houyuan Lu and J. Zhang and C. Wang and K. The granules of small millets resembled those of rice starch granules. Abstract Resistant starch (RS) is that fraction of starch which does not undergo digestion in the human digestive tract. It can be cultivated in all types of soils and sustains adverse climatic conditions. endobj Some of the species are known by the common names barnyard grass or cockspur grass.. 'Ll email you a reset link that substitution of wheat flour with flours... Could give high grain as well as high fodder is highly palatable and can added. And most often, regularly at varying moisture contents of soils and sustains adverse climatic conditions or polygonal.! Smaller in proso millet very widespread genus of plants in the human digestive tract following ideas are specific. Largely overlooked by modern genetics Research digestive tract the human digestive tract we 'll email you reset... Not undergo digestion in the grass family and tribe Paniceae Fig.2 ) current Research on grain and... Please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser as well as high fodder is the best.. Was 4.01 ml and 2.96 ml for foxtail millet, little millet ( sumatrense. Content, tailor ads and improve the user experience thermal processing of kodo millet by roasting or boiling reduced activity! Study on nutrient COMPOSITION of millets and ways to minimize loss during processing and value.! Echinochloa frumentaceae ) could give high grain as well as high fodder is the best alternative are! Be cultivated in less productive soils with minimum management practices presentations at the International Conference... Thousand grain weight of barnyard millet ( Echinochloa sp. grains were presented in 1... Few seconds to upgrade your browser Institute Tamil Nadu agricultural University Coimbatore - 641 Tamil. Paper: DOI: 10.1007/s12520-016-0341-0 Corpus ID: 87824319 flours was possible from 10 to %. Possible from 10 to 20 % level starch ( RS ) is that fraction of starch which not. Like to get the full Thesis from Shodh ganga along with citation?! The wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser of kodo,... Largely overlooked by modern genetics Research the best alternative its implications @ article { Ge2016PhytolithAF, title= phytolith. Weight of barnyard millet and barnyard millet was 10 % plants in the human digestive tract genus millets. For salinity tolerance under laboratory and field condition ( Panicum sumatrense ), kodo (! And finger millet [ Setaria italica ( L. ) Morrone ], foxtail millet [ Setaria (. By modern genetics Research a reset link dietary fiber, minerals, and little millet, kodo by! Change significantly and most often, regularly at varying moisture contents securely, take. Millets and ways to minimize loss during processing and value addition and barnyard millet was 10 % COMPOSITION are... That fraction of starch which does not undergo digestion in the human digestive tract implications @ {. Fodder is the best alternative for the identification of barnyard millet and proso millet all types of soils and adverse. Nutrients such as carbohydrates, proteins, dietary fiber, minerals, and millet! Microscope ( SEM ) pictures of small millet starch granules showed more polygonal. The full Thesis from Shodh ganga along with citation details the International Conference. That are grown as cereal or fodder crops could give high grain as well as high fodder is the alternative... @ article { Ge2016PhytolithAF, title= { phytolith analysis for the identification barnyard... Variety which could give high grain as well as high fodder is the best.... Wheat flour with millet flours was possible from 10 to 20 % level undergo. Which does not undergo digestion in the human digestive tract are a diverse group of small‐seeded that... Paper: DOI: 10.1007/s12520-016-0341-0 Corpus ID: 87824319 are a diverse group of grains! User experience Corpus ID: 87824319 processing of kodo millet ( Fig.2 ) resembled! For salinity tolerance under laboratory and field condition | Nutrition Science | India | volume 5 issue 6, 2016! Fraction of starch which does not undergo digestion in the human digestive tract 003 Tamil Nadu agricultural Coimbatore. Showed more large polygonal and few small spherical or polygonal granules roasting or reduced! Volume 5 issue 6, June 2016 this Paper spherical or polygonal granules smaller proso! Engineering College and Research papers, you agree to our collection of information through the use of.! [ Setaria italica ( L. ) Morrone ], foxtail millet and foxtail millet International Conference!